Colin J. Brigham, CIH, CSP, CPE, CPEA
Vice President, Ergonomics and Safety Management
M.S., Civil Engineering, Marquette University, 1986
B.S., Environmental Studies, Springfield College, 1972
Certified Professional Ergonomist (CPE), 1995
Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH), 1990
Certified Safety Professional (CSP), 1980
Certified Professional Environmental Auditor (CPEA), 2000
Worker's Compensation Cost Control
Health and Safety Audits/OHSMS Review and Implementation
Hearing Conservation (including Noise Control)
Health and Safety Program, Policy, and Procedure Development
Job Hazard Analysis
|1/00 - Current:||1 Source Safety and Health, Inc.||VP, Ergonomics and Safety Management
|2/94 - 12/99:||ENSR/Galson Consulting||Director, Ergonomics and Safety Mgt.
|9/93 - 1/94:||BCM Engineers||Section Manager
|5/82 - 4/93:||EBI Companies||Loss Control Manager
|5/73 - 4/82:||Rexnord, Inc.||Corporate Industrial Hygienist
Key Projects by Specialty
Ergonomics with a Fortune 300 Manufacturing Company, Milwaukee, WI
As Corporate Industrial Hygienist for Rexnord, Inc., Colin developed a company-wide overexertion injury control program. It was implemented at production facilities resulting in significant frequency, severity, and cost reduction. Some of the components of the program were: quantitative physical demand evaluation, training for all of the parties involved (management, supervisors, employees, and design engineers), identifying and assisting with the implementation of engineering changes, monitoring, responding to overexertion injury occurrence, and developing written programs.
Office Ergonomics, Confidential Pharmaceutical Client, Philadelphia, PA
Mr. Brigham developed ergonomic training programs for this client to significantly reduce frequency, severity, and costs associated with office ergonomics. The project began with a full site activity survey of this 1,200 employee corporate facility. Working with the clients medical staff, Mr. Brigham designed all components of the ergonomics program for this facility. ENSR continued to administer and implement the program, which includes frequent training.
Ergonomics with the Department of Defense, Norfolk, VA
Mr. Brigham was a project manager involved in the development of ergonomic risk assessment
methodologies that were then applied by teams under his technical direction at 21 Air Force bases. In the completion of the base visits by a field staff of 8 individuals, over 2000 processes and 5000 tasks were analyzed. Risk ranking was performed, quick fixes and control approaches were also provided to these bases. Some of the products from this project now appear on the Air Force Ergonomics Web Site.
Ergonomics with Hospitals and Nursing Homes
Mr. Brigham has developed programs at a number of healthcare facilities that helped reduce the frequency and severity of injuries to healthcare workers during patient transfer activities. A seminar on patient transfer techniques was held for all healthcare clients. Mr. Brigham discussed exposures of concern and controls to reduce injuries and illnesses arising from them. Vendors were also invited to display their new devices, with hands-on use of their devices encouraged. He developed a healthcare ergonomics seminar and presented at the seminar, which was co-sponsored by Galson, the American Hospital Association (AHA), and the Pennsylvania Healthcare Association (PHCA).
Essential Job Function (EJF) Evaluations for a Large Defense Contractor, Confidential Client
Mr. Brigham performed a number of essential job function evaluations to help the subject contractor in the placement of individuals with disabilities. This helped to satisfy Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliance concerns and reduce workers' compensation costs, in part by assuring effective return-to-work.
Workers' Compensation Cost Control
Providing the V.A.S.T. Difference, EBI Companies, Philadelphia Area, PA
As Loss Control Manager for an Insurance Company, achieved a 75 percent reduction in indemnity claim frequency over a five-year period for companies whose policies were written by the office. Also achieved a significant improvement in the workers' compensation experience modification for these companies. Played an active role in developing and managing effective return-to-work programs. Through the use of programs such as The True Cost of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses and he helped companies to save millions in workers' compensation costs.
Injury and Illness Frequency Reduction, Confidential Hospital, Allentown, PA
In providing program review, ergonomic evaluation, training, control recommendations and other support, helped this 750-bed hospital to reduce their lost workday incidence rate from 5.9 in 1993 to 3.5 in 1996.
Health and Safety Audits/OHSMS Review and Implementation
Annual Corporate-wide Audits, Rexnord Inc., Milwaukee, WI
As part of a corporate team with four members, Mr. Brigham had the responsibility for conducting annual health and safety audits at the 52 manufacturing plants of a Fortune 300 company. These were performed during a 9-year period at 52 manufacturing plants in 14 states and Canada.
OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Gap Analyses, Numerous
These analyses were performed for a group of hospitals, a Fortune 300 Aerospace Manufacturer, two locations of a Fortune 300 Printing Company, and a large Lighting Products Manufacturing company, helping to benchmark their performance and processes against the VPP participation guidelines. They resulted in service provision to address the gaps that were found, helping the clients to qualify for participation.
Health & Safety Audits - RR Donnelley and Sons Company
Mr. Brigham was involved in the design and conducting of detailed safety, health, and environmental audits. The process began with a comprehensive review of historical performance data, policies and procedures, and management structure review. Systems for tracking follow-up were provided. A total of 8 facilities were audited in 1998, a similar number in 1999.
OSHA Injury and Illness Reporting & Recordkeeping, Confidential Client
Audits of these practices were made at three locations for this client, seeking to determine if practices were proper and the process operating effectively. This client received major DOD criticism and sanction for failing to have an effective process. The audits identified deficiencies and suggested methods of improvement.
Audit of Safety and Health Management Program, Confidential Hospital Client, Michigan.
Designed and conducted a detailed assessment regarding the effectiveness of the safety and health management program as it existed. Review of historical performance data, policies and procedures, and management structure were the first step. Interviews were conducted with 15 managers who had responsibility for a portion of the programs. A detailed cost study was done that considered workers' compensation costs, claims management, medical treatment, near-misses, training, program development, and JCAHO audit preparation. A comprehensive report was developed which detailed the findings, provided a management action plan, and a prioritized list of actions which will increase the effectiveness of the safety and health management program while decreasing operational costs. The estimated annual pay back is $350,000 to $400,000.
Hearing Conservation (Including Noise Control)
Hearing Conservation Program Administration, Rexnord, Inc, Milwaukee, WI
As Corporate Industrial Hygienist, helped develop all aspects of this Fortune 300 company's hearing conservation program including: noise surveying, identifying and directing audiometric testing needs, hearing protection, training, and noise control. This included involvement in OSHA citations, worker's compensation claims, and mitigation design. Detailed design was performed, from identification of noise sources through specification of treatment methodologies, selecting desired materials and approaches, specifying performance criteria, obtaining proposals, and following through to completion.
Fortune 300 Printing Firm, Multiple Locations
Served as one of two outside consultants on a corporate safeguarding team, with each individual becoming team leaders in performing assessments at company locations. Mr. Brigham lead over 6 assessments, ranging from 3-5 days each onsite. The assessments included all machinery, required referencing of specific standards, and providing of basic control recommendations. They resulted in the reduction of amputations by 50% in the first year.
Machinery Safeguarding, Rexnord, Inc, Milwaukee, WI
While on the corporate staff for over 3 years, led the efforts to help all facilities to develop and implement a program to keep hands out of the point of operation whenever the equipment was energized. This involved meetings at sites, membership on the National Safety Council Power Press and Forging Executive Committee, performing assessments, providing control approaches, and tracking hazard abatement.
Health and Safety Program, Procedure, and Policy Development
Pharmaceutical Industry Health and Safety, SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA
Served as the project manager assisting a major pharmaceutical company in the development of their Occupational Hygiene Manual for worldwide use. This involved review of national and international standards and guidelines to develop a universally applicable product. Mr. Brigham also served as a team member in the development of training manuals for hearing conservation and hazardous energy control.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Within a Variety of Industries
Helped a flag manufacturing company, clothing manufacturer, chemical product packaging company, laundries, research laboratories, and others to control, anticipate, recognize, and evaluate this exposure. The assistance included the use of "Five Fingers, Five Facets" and other tools to assist in data analysis, workplace and work practice review, training, selecting and implementing exercise programs, and suggesting engineering controls. Symptoms surveys and employee questionnaires and discussions were used for information gathering. Workers' compensation costs were reduced.
Infection Control Within the Healthcare Industry
As Loss Control Manager, before and after the issuance of OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, provided assistance to hospitals and nursing homes to identify the steps necessary to prevent illness due to this exposure. Work included: the development of confidentiality standards and protocol to satisfy OSHA concerns regarding confidentiality, the identification of work practice and design changes to reduce significant exposures, assistance in developing written programs, and monitoring and responding to incidents.
Workers' Compensation Insured Contractor Loss Control
As Loss Control Manager at EBI Companies, worked with their insured contractors to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses. This included program evaluation and development, job site visits/reviews, toolbox training sessions, program training, and accident investigations.
Contractor Safety Program Evaluations at 13 Locations
Performed contractor safety program evaluations, as part of overall health and safety audits, at 13 locations of a Fortune 200 manufacturing firm. This included observation of practices, interviews with workers, and review of written programs.
Pharmaceutical Company Contractor Safety
Assisted in developing the written contractor safety program. Managed the conducting of contractor safety training and monitored their activities during the construction of this facility. Interacted with the Safety Director and contractor representatives.
10 and 30-Hour Construction Safety and Health Training
Provided both the 10 and 30-hour training to clients, including mixes of individuals at all knowledge and experience levels.
Job Hazard Analysis
Rexnord, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (previously a Fortune 300 manufacturing firm)
While Group Safety Director, assisted several locations in developing and implementing programs for Job Safety Analysis/ Job Hazard Analysis.
Aerospace Client, Pennsylvania
Performed Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) training for this client's staff responsible for conducting these analyses, reviewed their draft JHAs, and helped in developing final products. Some of these JHA were eventually folded into their existing Job Instruction Training, reducing the need to reference multiple forms when performing training or review.
Foamex International, Linwood, PA
Helped this client to develop a Preoperational Process Review training program for their project managers from around the United States. This training included several company-specific exercises to improve attendee learning.
Presentations and Publications
Brigham, Colin J., "Improving Patient Transfer (Through Effective Ergonomics) Improves Patient Safety," American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, Dallas, Texas, May 10-15, 2003
Brigham, Colin J., "Healthcare Ergonomics: Including the Kitchen Sink," PDC 419, American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, San Diego, California, June 3, 2002.
Brigham, Colin J., "Workers' Compensation Cost Reduction Through Effective Medical Management: An Ergonomist's Perspective," Proceedings from the AIHCE Symposium: From Concept to Practice - Making Ergonomics Work, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 2001.
Brigham, Colin J., "Ergonomic Equipment Needs for a Multi-Facility Healthcare System," American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, Orlando, Florida, May 2000.
Brigham, Colin J., "Ergonomics: A Science That Can Save," Compliance Magazine, April 1999, HIS Publishing Group, Libertyville, IL, 60048
Brigham, Colin J., "Healthcare Ergonomics: Three Case Studies in Economic Health," Applied Ergonomics Case Studies, Volume 2, Institute of Industrial Engineers, Norcross, GA, 1999, ISBN: 0-89806-214-4.
Brigham, Colin J., "Confined Space Entry: Hazard Identification, Evaluation, and Elimination," Compliance Magazine, October 1998, IHS Publishing Group, Libertyville, IL, 60048
Brigham, Colin J., " Reduction of Physical Demand and Health Care Worker Injury in Patient Transfer," American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia, May 1998
Brigham, Colin J., "Workers' Compensation Cost Control: Examples of Effective Ergonomics Programs," Lehigh Valley American Industrial Hygiene Association Professional Development Course, April 16, 1997 and 17th Annual Northeastern Regional Industrial Hygiene Conference, December 12, 1997
P. Legendre, D. Goddard, E. Bishop, and C. Brigham, "Implementation of a Comprehensive Ergonomics Program for Industrial Workplaces at the United States Air Force Air Combat Command (ACC)," American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, May 1997.
Brigham, Colin J., "What Makes Ergonomics Programs Effective and Why Would A Manufacturing Plant Need One?" The Business Journal of Central New York, December 25, 1995.
Brigham, Colin J. and Emma P. Hooks, "Proactive Ergonomics = Profitable Economics: A Healthcare Formula For Success." Proceedings from the 1995 American Society for Hospital Engineering of the American Hospital Association Annual Conference, June 1995.
Brigham, Colin J., Kathleen M. Kehan, and Dr. David Spratt, "Ergonomics and Workers' Compensation Cost Control." One-day Seminars Held On May 3, 10 and 17, 1995 in Harrisburg, Valley Forge, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Respectively. Sponsored by the Pennsylvania Chamber of Business and Industry Educational Foundation.
Brigham, Colin J. et. al., "Healthcare Ergonomics: Establishing Proactive Programs for OSHA Compliance & Workers Compensation Cost Control." A one-day seminar held on August 30, 1994 in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. Co-sponsored by the American Hospital Association, the Pennsylvania Health Care Association, and Galson Corporation.
Brigham, Colin J., "Five-Step Plan Helps Reduce the Risks of Patient Transfer Injuries." Health Facilities Management, May 1994, Vol. 7, No. 5 pp. 54-58.
Brigham, Colin J., 1994. "Surviving an OSHA Inspection: A Proactive Approach for OSHA Compliance in Hospitals." Proceedings from the American Hospital Association's Fourth National Symposium on Health Care and the Environment, February 1994.
Brigham, Colin J., "An Ergonomic Evaluation of Patient Transfer Techniques - Bed to Stretcher," American Industrial Hygiene Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, May 1991.
Brigham, Colin J., "Workers Compensation for Hearing Loss, "American Occupational Health Conference, Kansas City, Missouri, April 1985.
Brigham, Colin J., "The Role of Biomechanical Job Evaluation in the Reduction of Overexertion Injuries: A Case Study," American Industrial Hygiene Conference, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 1983.
Brigham, Colin J., "An Analysis of OSHA's Hearing Conservation Amendment," Wisconsin Safety Congress and Exposition, Oconomowoc, WI, April 1983.
Brigham, Colin J., "Safety Program Evaluation: One Corporation's Approach." Professional Safety, May 1981.
Brigham, Colin J., "Hearing Conservation and Feasible Engineering Noise Solutions." National Safety Congress, Chicago, Illinois, October 1979.
Brigham, Colin J., "Noise Control in Press and Forge Shops." National Safety Congress, Chicago, Illinois, October 1978.
American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HF&ES)
American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)
Board Member of Council for Accreditation in Occupational Hearing Conservation (CAOHC), 1981-1986, Representative for the National Safety Council
Member of AIHA Ergonomics Committee 1988-1991, 1994-1996, 2001-2003
Contributing Member of AIHA Noise Committee, 1980-1982
National Safety Council (NSC) Power Press and Forging Section, 1975-1979; Newsletter Editor, 1978-1979; Member 1975-1982 and 2000-2002
President- Philadelphia Section of AIHA, 1999-2000
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